The Monthly European Architectural Newsletter - June 2012
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Editorial
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In Moscow

Thanks to the economical growth in Russia after the break-up of the USSR, and at the same time, the population’s increasing purchasing power, it is not astonishing to see the prodigious construction boom in the capital. This also explains the great success of the Mosbuild Fair, the most important event in Eastern Europe relating to building and interior equipment. Divided in two sections this year (in 2013 there will be three), this fair taking place in Moscow’s Expocentre, brings together almost 2200 exhibitors coming from all parts of the world and 100 000 professional visitors from the construction industry. Dominated by the seven constructions built by Stalin in 1950, generally called the « Seven Sisters », the Moscow architectural landscape has considerably changed during the last ten years. A part from the Triumph Palace (2003), a 57 story building inspired by the Stalinian architecture, the Russian capital covers a wide range of different styles. Minimalist, baroque, postmodernist or neoclassic, its present architecture is as varied as the town itself. The « grey » Moscow has disappeared. If the urban fever has somewhat slowed down, mainly for the mega projects, such as the Russia Tower with its 612 m height (Foster & Partners), the commercial centres are still expanding at a terrific pace, about 22% of the European total. But the most interesting business is principally done in residential buildings. This sector represents seventy five percent of the activity. According to the Regional Development minister, about half of the apartment complexes need to be completely renovated. But the real challenge is to relieve the metropolis congestion, which is today very close to implosion. A delegation from Moscow has presented its important development project at the Mipim 2012. Ten international teams with architects and town - planners will start a large-scale reflection, like the Grand Paris process, on urban expansion. Its purpose is to improve the transport infrastructures, the urban environment and the quality of life. To achieve this « Great Moscow » a budget of € 35 billions has been announced…

The Archi-Europe team

Portrait of the month
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1) Sergei Tchoban with Sergei Kuznetsov


2) AquaDom, Berlin


3) Housing in Granatny, Moscow


4) Office building on Leninsky Prospekt, Moscow


5) Hotel nhow, Berlin


6) Water sports palace for Universiade 2013 in Kazan


7) Federation Complex, Moscow
Sergei Tchoban

Partner of NPS Tchoban Voss (Hamburg/Berlin/Dresde) with Alf Michael Prasch & Ekkehard Voss and SPEECH (Moscow) in association with Sergei Kuznetsov, Sergei Tchoban is one of the Russian architects very much in the public eye.


A few years after being graduated in architecture, Serguei Tchoban (Leningrad 1962) leaves for Hamburg and in 1995 becomes partner of the NPS office. NPS Tschoban Voss is known for the many buildings erected in Berlin – the Cubix cinema, the Alfred Döblin Haus on Alexanderplatz, the Kronprinzencarré, the Aedes Gallery or the Dom Aquarée. It is in this complex that one can admire a spectacular 25-meter high cylindric structure built inside the Radisson Hotel. The visitors can view the aquatic life thanks to a transparent lift.

This building was created by using innovative techniques and although it looks very light it weighs at least 150 tons and contains 1 000 000 litres of salty water. Another astonishing project in Berlin, the recent Nhow Hotel noticeable for its revisited « industrial » style, well in phase with the district where it has been built: the creative center of the city, like its counterpart in Milan. A cantilevered bloc gives the image of a crane. The façade shows a constant change like the lively city of Berlin. Today, the agency is involved in many important building projects significantly in Berlin and in Saint Petersburg.

Sergei Tchoban is now renowned as the principal architect of the highest skyscraper in Europe, the Federation Tower in Moscow (93 stories). With Peter Schweger (ASP Schweger Assoziierte Gesamtplanung GmbH, Hamburg) he has indeed won an international competition for the building of an International Business Area in Moscow, Moskva-City. Separated then narrowed to shoot upwards, the two curved towers are connected at the basis by a 14-story Aarium, which opens out like a funnel. The curtain-walls increase the beauty and purity of the double sail form. To his denigrators, Sergei Tchoban assures that it was designed as a continuity of the verticality of the city, where seven towers from the Stalinian period dominate the urban landscape. Other well known completed projects: the head office of E-Plus in Düsseldorf or the reconversion of the Art & Craft Museum in Berlin.

Since 2006, Sergei Tchoban and Sergei Kuznetsov are the managers of SPEECH. This office, with a staff of approximatively 120 persons, has won acclaim for numerous projects in Russia, more particularly a six story office building on Leninsky Prospekt, combining an efficient architectural solution with the latest energy saving technologies. It is one of the first buildings in Moscow complying with the European ecoenergetic norms. Covered with stone, the double skinned façades enable natural ventilation throughout the whole year. The main façade is distinguished by the rythm of curved bands like a wave. Composed of three structures around an interior courtyard, the residential building on Granatny Lane stands out with its richly sculptured façades, in the spirit of the byzantine churches decoration.

Furthermore, SPEECH is actively involved in the design of sports installations, like the Media Centre of the 2014 Sotchi Olympic Games and a Nautic Sports Palace in Kazan for the 2013 Universiade. Equipped with a wooden strip structure, the very long building is composed of two blocs covered with roofing like an inflated wave. In Russia, Sergei Tchoban is very much appreciated for his working expérience quite unique in occidental Europe and in Russia, and his extensive knowledge of new materials and technologies.

Curator of the Russian Pavillon at the Venice Architecture Biennial in 2010, Sergei Tchoban also exhibited the same year at the Deutsches Architektur Museum in Francfurt, a part of his collection of architecture drawings, going from the baroque period to the 20th century. No comparison however between the historical illustrators art and Tschoban’s art as member of the American Society of Architectural Illustrators. His talent and taste for drawing date from his studies at the Art Academy in Saint Petersburg.

Still today, in this same school, the architecture students follow the same traditional éducation. The architect sees his projects as creative work where he tries to create his own style. But it is also and mainly to give an answer to the many existing challenges. In spite of the crisis, which has reduced the number of expensive investments, Moscow’s expansion looks promising. The town’s surface has more than doubled. And the new possibilities for the architects have increased at the same rythm.

1) Sergei Tchoban with Sergei Kuznetsov (SPEECH Tchoban/Kuznetsov)

2) AquaDom, Berlin (2003)

Arch.: NPS Tchoban Voss

3) Housing in Granatny, Moscow (2010)
Arch.: SPEECH Tchoban/Kuznetsov

4) Office building on Leninsky Prospekt, Moscow (2011)
Arch.: SPEECH Tchoban/Kuznetsov

5) Hotel nhow, Berlin (2011)
Arch.: NPS Tchoban Voss

6) Water sports palace for Universiade 2013 in Kazan
Arch.: SPEECH Tchoban/Kuznetsov

7) Federation Complex, Moscow (in progress)
Arch.: NPS Tchoban Voss

www.nps-tchoban-voss.de
www.speech.su
   
Project of the month
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1) Multi purpose building for blind and visually impaired people


2) Spania Dolina – Sands


3) Spania Dolina – Sands


4) La Grajera


5) La Grajera


6) La Grajera


7) Ground level – Water strata / Sinamaica Lagoon Specialized Education Centre


8) Level1 – Vegetation strata / Sinamaica Lagoon Specialized Education Centre


9) Level 2 – Sky strata / Sinamaica Lagoon Specialized Education Centre
Mosbuild and Archi-Europe have organized this year a great international competition for young architects and architecture students. Two topics: “Solutions for disabled people or people with limited abilities” and “Sustainable and Energy saving solutions in new buildings as well as challenging projects of renovation” were proposed to their reflection. Here under details and photos of the four winners selected by the jury composed of Professor Pavel Kazantzev (Russia) and the architectural practices Conix Architects (Antwerp/Brussels), LAN Architecture (Paris), SPEECH (Moscow).

Category « Accessibility »

Multi purpose building for blind and visually impaired people
Architect: Andrzej Leszczynski (Poland)

The aim is to design a building that would facilitate assimilation of visually impaired people in society and is also adapted to their needs and their professional fulfilment. Designed as a place of work, for both visually impaired and sighted people, the complex is based on the experience gained during the workshops in Ghent (Belgium) “Designing in the dark III”. The form of the building is intended to interfere as little as possible in the existing topography. The huge problem for visual impaired people is to find the main entrance of the building: the solution for this issue is to paint the entrance area with colour that is in contrast to the rest of the building. The typological map of the building contains many elements easily read by blind and visually impaired people and it facilitates their moving in the building without any assistance. Stairs are the most dangerous obstacles and they should always be well indicated, and if it is possible replaced by ramps. The passage between the different zones should be easily recognizable to facilitate orientation: for this reason it is made of material with better acoustic qualities. For the floors, walls and ceilings of the rest/waiting rooms, special texture materials have been used to facilitate their identification by the visually impaired persons. This same attention to materials used makes it easier to find their way for blind and visually impaired people in a space where the interior elements change frequently, these temporary obstacles being rather confusing. All these ideas offer real practical solutions, but the architect doesn’t detail the type of materials used each time.

1) © Andrzej Leszczynski

Spania Dolina – Sands
Student: Michal Ganobjak (Slovakia)

Almost nothing is left from the old copper mine: only one house, the chapel, the cemetery, a few ruins and the underground exploitation system with tunnels and wells. Its revitalization requires a development scheme. The first initiative would be to create an “Enviropark”, an environmental education centre based on scientific exhibitions, the “Butterfly House “, and a Museum on the past mining activities. Other public spaces are also foreseen on the house ruins. The architectural proposition is based on the creation anew of small separated spaces adapted to the typology of the mining houses. Nothing is left at random neither the green zones protection, nor the historical landscapes conservation. The site’s respect, the chosen materials (local stone, wood and copper), the rigorous technologies selection in relation to the physical nature of the existing structures and the intelligent use of the energy resources, are the result of a real desire to preserve the environment. The mobile façade of the Education Centre creates a microclimate and space variations. A group of photovoltaic panels placed on a sunny slope and a water tank are there to supply energy and water.

2 & 3) © Michal Ganobjak

Category « Sustainability »

La Grajera
Architect: Juan Manuel Herrantz - Virai Arquitectos (Spain)

In the middle of the hills, close to Logrono, La Grajera is one of the ‘avant-garde’ wineries of the Rioja region. The complex shows a balance between its function and its wish to integrate into the landscape. In the production zone, a sandstone base, half berried to maintain a constant temperature and natural ventilation, is no more part of the building and becomes a full part of the environment. The green roof reflects the season changes and redesigns the hill’s profile. In front of this massive construction, the bodega is seen as a dark glass and ceramic body. The complex offers simple and bioclimatic solutions often present in traditional buildings: the residential zones are on the southern side whilst the production and fermentation areas are close to the hill. For this reason the ventilation and heating needs are reduced. The green roof and the use of ceramic material (natural, sustainable, with many texture and rhythm variations) reinforce the building’s thermal qualities. The pavilion’s porch and cantilever give the appropriate lighting and a good protection against the sun. With the help of 75 100 m deep drilled holes, the geothermal energy brings heat and fresh air to all the rooms, including the wine production and ageing areas. This system profits from the soil’s constant temperature, of about 17°, the whole year through. Geothermal exchangers and heat pumps make the heat exchange.

4 & 5) © Manuel Lafuente

6) © José Manuel Cutillas


Sinamaica Lagoon Specialized Education Centre
Student: Gracia Romero


the night, LED bulbs light up the walls. Their gathering creates crossed ventilation. Bringing the shadow of the horizontal levels to give protection from the sun’s strength.


7) Ground level – Water strata

8) Level1 – Vegetation strata

9) Level 2 – Sky strata

© Gracia Romero
   
Product of the month
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www.glassolutions.eu
CLIP-IN DOOR

The CLIP-IN DOOR is a door fitted with a revolutionary hinge applied onto the glass pane in such a way as to be practically invisible. No holes need to be bored into the glass - the secret is a groove cut into the pane sufficiently deep to allow the CLIP-IN DOOR to be fitted. Fine crafting and ergonomics are the strong points of this patented doubly innovative creation: glass and hinge.

The CLIP-IN DOOR consists of two profiles produced by precision aluminium extrusion. Locking is achieved by stainless-steel bolts and rustproof spring washers providing a reservoir of elasticity. The product is 100% metal. Finish can be either naturally anodised or buffed stainless steel.


No visual hardware
No perforations

Discrete and perfect fittings!
   
Competitions in the spotlight
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The first worldwide architecture contest for students in architecture Archi-World® Academy Award (AWA) 2011/2013: "Energy-saving projects and ideas for the future of architecture and urbanism".

Click here to see the Archi-World® Academy Trailer

Click here to register!
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BolognaFiereand Archi-Europe jointly organize a special contest "SAIESelection" in order to select 18 projects and concepts (9 for young architects and 9 for students) on the theme “The built environment renewal. Regenerate and improve – Highly innovative and sustainable solutions".

Click here to register!
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Registration Deadline: 2 September 2012

www.archi-europe.com/marmomacc
Marmomacc Architecture and Design Competition 2012

Veronafiere and Archi-Europe jointly organize a special contest "MARMOMACC Architecture and Design Competition 2012" in order to select 9 projects and concepts on the topic: Stone.

All 9 projects and/or concepts will be presented in a special dedicated exhibition in the framework of the MARMOMACC International Trade Fair for Stone, Design and Technologies taking place in Verona (Italy) from September 26 to September 29, 2012.

click here to register!

   
Event in the spotlight
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Lebanon's Leading Construction Exhibition

Project Lebanon 2012, the 17th edition of the International Construction Trade Exhibition for Lebanon & the Middle East is the premier event of its kind in the region bringing together industry leaders from around the world.

With over 800 leading regional and international exhibitors from around the world, it provides a unique platform to view the latest equipment and services from the construction industry, develop international relationships and generate new business opportunities.

C
ome and visit Archi-Europe at Project Lebanon

Click here for more information
Click here to visit project Lebanon


Agenda
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Competitions
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CONSENSE
(19 & 20/06/2012) Stuttgart (DE)
CONTRACT
(13 & 14/06/2012) Brussels (BE)
Mix(cités) – Villes en partage
(> 15/07/2012) – Paris (FR)
TECMA
(12 – 15/06/2012) Madrid (ES)
Ernst May
(>17/06/2012) Wroclaw (PL)
The London Festival of Architecture
(23/06 – 8/07/2012) London (UK)
>> read more
Instant Temporary Housing
Deadline: 04/06/2012
Reconstruction of Notre Dame de l'Assomption, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Deadline: 15/07/2012
Marmomacc Architecture and Design Contest 2012
Deadline: 02/09/2012
Archi-World® Academy Awards 2011-2013
Deadline: 30/10/2012
>> read more

Books
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Architectural Models
Construction and Design Manual
Pyo Mi-young

1000 pages
€ 98.00
DOM Publishers
English
ISBN 978-3-86922-147-2
>> read more
Construire Bruxelles Architectures et espaces urbains, 44 projets en Europe
Joachim Declerck

324 pages
€ 32.50
Editions Parenthèses
French
ISBN: 978-2863642610
>> read more
Fuksas. Building
Ramon Prat

520 pages
€ 45.00
Actar
English
ISBN 978-84-92861-78-1
>> read more

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© 2012 Archi-Europe
Responsible Editor: Jacques Allard
Chief Editor: Marie-Claire Regniers

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